Data and Documentation

Digital Elevation Model ImageThe accepted framework layer for the elevation dataset in Montana is the USGS National Elevation Dataset. The National Elevation Dataset (NED) is a raster product assembled by the U.S. Geological Survey. Both the one arc-second (approximately 30-meter) and one third arc-second (approximately 10 meter) data have been collected and processed for the extent of Montana. NED data access (DEMs)

Montana Elevation Working Group

The Elevation Working Group is open to all and meets regularly to discuss statewide elevation needs. The group is currently planning for 2023 lidar acquisitions. Please contact us if you are interested in participating: geoinfo@mt.gov.


MSDI Elevation Working Group: Statewide Lidar Planning

Next meeting June 28, 2022.  Email geoinfo@mt.gov to be added to the contact list.

 Past meeting agendas and materials: 08/2021 | 10/2020 | 01-24-2019 | 11-02-2018 | 09-25-2018

High-resolution Elevation Data and the 3D Elevation Program (3DEP)

The Montana State Library became the steward of MSDI Elevation in 2018.  Efforts are underway to develop a Statewide Lidar Plan and identify how to best leverage the USGS 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) initiative. MSDI Elevation Stewardship primarily involves leading the  Elevation Working Group to elicit elevation needs and requirements and identifying partnership opportunities for acquiring lidar elevation data. GIS practitioners in Montana need to consider what spatial data, mapping, and modeling needs, requirements, and benefits could be met through higher-resolution elevation data, such as lidar-derived 1-meter Digital Surface Models and Digital Terrain (bare-earth) Models.  Share your needs and uses of high-resolution elevation data with us by contacting: geoinfo@mt.gov.

The 3DEP initiatives purpose is to respond to growing needs for high-quality topographic data and other three-dimensional representations of the nation’s natural and constructed features. The Progam aims to obtain nationwide high-resolution elevation data coverage (primarily lidar) by the end of 2023.  With Montana partnerships identified and a lidar plan in hand, USGS 3DEP resources are available to assist with acquisitions of high-quality, enhanced elevation data.

Lidar resources at the Montana State Library (PDF, click here)


  • Montana Lidar Inventory - The purpose of the Montana Lidar Inventory is to increase awareness about where high-resolution elevation data is available and to promote collaboration and coordination on future lidar acquisitions.  The lidar inventory provides web maps and printable maps depicting completed and planned lidar acquisitions. Missing lidar project footprints can be submitted through a simple questionnaire.  Additionally, an edit tool allows anyone to draw priority areas of interest for future lidar acquisitions.


Elevation data is a digital representation of spatially-referenced vertical positions above or below a datum surface. The data is most often used in grid (raster) form or via contour line data illustrating the elevation of the earth’s surface at defined intervals. Traditional Elevation Data is provided for use as products as well as source elevation data. Products include Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Surface Models (DSM), Contours, and ancillary elevation products such as shaded relief maps. Source elevation data includes data like lidar point clouds (LPC) and ifsar radar returns.

Shaded Relief elevation data for visualization purposes is one of the most widely used geospatial data themes in the world. Elevation data is also used to model water flow, mass movement of material (avalanches and landslides), line of sight analysis, and flight simulation rectification of aerial photography, gravity measurements, and terrain analysis. 

For reference, the two technologies identified below are commonly used to generate enhanced elevation source data capable of producing higher quality elevation data products (DEM, contours, etc.) and higher quality source data, enabling higher quality spatial analysis:

  • LiDAR—(Light Detection and Ranging):  airborne lidar is a  remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth. These light pulses—combined with other data recorded by the airborne system— generate precise, three-dimensional information about the shape of the Earth and its surface characteristics.